Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Tags: CSV    
Latest version: v2.0.1

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CSV2SQL - Blazing fast csv to database loader!

Table of Contents

  1. What is Csv2sql ?
  2. Why Csv2sql ?
  3. Using from Command Line
    1. Installation and usage
    2. Availlable command line arguments
    3. Examples of usage
  4. Using the browser based interface
    1. Installation and usage
  5. Running from source
  6. Supported data types
  7. Known issues, caveats and troubleshooting
  8. Future plans

Please have a quick look over the Known issues, caveats and troubleshooting section before using the app.

What is Csv2sql?

Csv2Sql is a blazing fast fully automated tool to load huge CSV files into a RDBMS.

Csv2Sql can automatically...

  • Read csv files and infer the database table structure
  • Create the required tables in the database
  • Insert all the csvs into the database
  • Do a simple validation check to ensures that all the data as been imported correctly.

Why Csv2sql ?

  • Utilizing the power of moden multi core processors, csv2sql does most of its tasks in parallel, this makes it super fast and more efficient than other tools.

  • It is completely automatic, provide a path with hundereds of csvs having size in gigabytes and start the application, it will handle the rest!

  • It comes in 2 flavours, as a command line tool or a browser user interface, and is super easy to configure and use.

  • While you can have maximum utilization of your cpu to get execellent performance, csv2sql is fully customizable, also comes with lots of options which can be changed to fine tune the application based on requirement and to lower down resource usage and database load.

  • Csv2Sql supports partial operations, so if you only want to generate a schema file from the csvs without touching the database or you want to only insert data from the csvs into already created tables without creating the tables again or just validate already imported data, Csv2Sql has got you covere !

Using from command line

Csv2sql can be easily used as a command line tool, with lots of customizable options passing by different command line arguments.

Installation and usage:

You must have erlang installed to use the command line tool on any linux distribution.

Add the erlang repository using the following commands
wget https://packages.erlang-solutions.com/erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i erlang-solutions_1.0_all.deb
Install erlang
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install esl-erlang

Download the executable binary from the latest release in this repository and run the executable using: ./csv2sql --<argument>

The next section describes all the avialable command line arguments.

Using command line args

You can pass various command line arguments to Csv2Sql to configure how to process csvs and specify other important information.

A description of all the available command line arguments that can be used are given below:

Flag Description Default value
--schema-file-path The location were the generated schema file will be stored If no value is supplied it saves the generated schema file in the same directory as the source csv files specified by "--source-csv-directory" flag
--source-csv-directory The source directory where the csvs are located Defaults to the current directory from which the program is run
--db-connection-string A connection string to connect ot the database, in the format: "::@/" This is a compulsary argument if database access is required
--imported-csv-directory The directory were the csvs will be moved after importing to database, make sure it is present and is empty (source-csv-directory)/imported
--validated-csv-directory The directory were the csvs will be moved after they are validated, make sure it is present and is empty (source-csv-directory)/validated
--skip-make-schema Skip infering schema and makign a schema file false
--skip-insert-schema Skip inserting the infered schema in the database. Usefull if the table structures are already present and you only wish to insert data from the csv files.(This will be true automatically if skip-make-schema is used) false
--skip-insert-data Skip inserting data from the csvs false
--skip-validate-import Skip validating the imported data false in
--connection-socket The mysql socket file path /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
--varchar-limit The value of varchar type, and the limit after which a string is considered a text and not a varchar 100
--schema-infer-chunk-size The chunk size to use when the schema fora CSV will be inferred parallelly. For example, a chunk size 100 means the CSV will be read 100 rows at a time and separate processes will be used to infer the schema for each 100-row chunk 100
--worker-count The number of workers, directly related to how many CSVs will be processed parallelly 10
--db-worker-count The number of database workers, lowering the value will lead to slow performance but lesser load on database, a higher value can lead to too many database connection errors. 15
--insertion-chunk-size Number of records to insert into the database at once, increasing this may result in mysql error for too many placeholders 100
--job-count-limit Number of chunks to keep in memory (Memory required=insertion_chunk_size * job_count_limit) 10
--log Enable ecto logs, to log the queries being executed, possible values are :debug, :info, :warn false
--timeout The time in milliseconds to wait for the query call to finish 60000
--connect-timeout The number of seconds that the mysqld server waits for a connect packet before responding with Bad handshake 60000
--pool-size The pool_size controls how many connections you want to the database. 20
--queue-target The time to wait for a database connection 5000
--queue-interval If all connections checked out during a :queue_interval takes more than :queue_target, then we double the :queue_target. 1000


Load csvs to database, this will infer the schema, insert the infered schemas to the database, insert the data and then validate data for all the csvs

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --db-connection-string "mysql:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Here "mysq|" is the database type, "root" is the mysql username, "pass" is the mysql password, "localhost" is the database host and "test_csv" is the database name where the data will be imported.

Import schema only:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --skip-insert-schema --skip-insert-data --skip-validate-import

Skip validation:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --db-connection-string "postgres:root:pass@localhost/test_csv" --skip-validate-import

Here "postgres" is the database type.

Only validate imported csv:

./csv2sql --skip-make-schema --skip-insert-data --imported-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/imported-csvs" --db-connection-string "mysql:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Here we are running simple validation check over a previously imported csvs, this check will NOT compare the actual data but will only compare the row count in the csv and in the database.

Custom path for imported and validated csv files:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --imported-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/imported_csvs" --validated-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/validated_csvs" --db-connection-string "postgres:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Only infer and create schema but don't insert data:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --skip-insert-data --db-connection-string "postgres:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

This will create empty table in the database after analyzing the csvs.

Change the worker count, setting this to one will lead to processing a single csv at a time, this will be slower but will lead to lower cpu usage and Database load:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --worker-count 1 --db-connection-string "mysql:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Enable logs, to log the queries being executed:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --log debug --db-connection-string "mysql:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Set the number of workers inserting data into the database, lowering the value will lead to slow performance but lesser load on database, a higher value can lead to too many database connection errors:

./csv2sql --source-csv-directory "/home/user/Desktop/csvs" --db-worker-count 2 --db-connection-string "mysql:root:pass@localhost/test_csv"

Using csv2sql from your browser

For ease of use csv2sql also has a browser interface which can be used to easily configure the tool and also provides and execent interface that shows what is the progress of the various running tasks, which files are currently being processed, the current cpu and memory usage, etc.

Installation and usage:

There are no dependencies needed to use the app via your browser, however you must have mysql or postgres installed.

Download the latest release of the app from the releases section in this repository.

You can now easily run the executable on your linux system, by:

  • Extract the zip file named csv2sql_xx
  • cd into the extracted directory from your terminal: cd csv2sql_xx
  • Execute the following command: ./bin/csv2sql_and_dashboard start

This will run a local server which your access at localhost:4000 in your browser.

Thats all!

Please create an issue with details of your OS distribution, architecture(for example, x86_64 or ARM) and ABI (for example, musl or gnu) if the app does not run on your system

Using the app via the browser is super easy, once the app is running, go to localhost:4000 in your browser.

Now go to the Change configuration tab, and enter the relevant configuration details, hover over any configuration option to see what it does.

Whenever your are done, click on the Start tab and click on Start button below to start the import process.

Running the app from source code

You must have elixir and mysql/postgresql installed in your system to run Csv2Sql.

To use the app just clone this repository and then install dependencies by mix deps.get

Finally, start the application by mix phx.server

This runs the phoenix server at [localhost:4000](localhost:4000) which provides a browser based interface to use the app.

Thats all !

Supported data types

Csv2sql currently supports MySql and PostgreSQL database.

Csv2Sql will map data in CSVs into one of the following datatypes:

Type mysql postgres
date For values matching pattern like \d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\d NOT SUPPORTED, will map to VARCHAR
timestamp For values matching pattern like \d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\d \d\d:\d\d:\d\d, (WARNING: fractional seconds or timezone information will be lost if present) NOT SUPPORTED, will map to VARCHAR
boolean Maps values 0/1 or true/false to BIT type Maps values 0/1 or true/false to BOOLEAN type
integer INT INT
float DOUBLE NUMERIC(1000, 100)

All other types of data, will map to either VARCHAR or TEXT.

Known issues, caveats and troubleshooting:

  • Sometimes the app might fail when run for the first time with some error like..
%MyXQL.Error{connection_id: 9, message: "(1067) (ER_INVALID_DEFAULT) Invalid default value...

In this case, please try running the app again.

  • Timestamp columns will lose there fractional seconds data or time zone information when importing to mysql.

  • When importing into a postgres database you must create the database manually before running the application, otherwise it will fail.

  • Csvsql uses the csv file names as table names, make sure that the csv file names are valid table names.

  • Make sure your csvs have correct encoding and valid column names to avoid errors.(like a csv having duplicated column names will lead to errors when inserting in to the database).

  • If you face database connection timeout errors try reducing the worker and db_worker count in the configurations or change the database timeout, pool size and other related database configurations.

  • In case of errors, check your terminal for a clue, or create an issue.


  • Support for windows os
  • Work on known issues and better support for various data types