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Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Tags: Authentication    
Latest version: v0.0.9

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README

OAuth2Ex Build Status

Note: This repository is not actively maintained. Please check the other libraries like oauth2 instead.

An OAuth 2.0 client library for elixir. It provides the following functionalities.

  • OAuth token retrieval by communicating with OAuth 2.0 server.
  • Caching the acquired token locally, and refreshing the token when the it's expired.
  • HTTP client access by specifying OAuth2 access token. It uses httpoison (https://github.com/edgurgel/httpoison) as http client library.

The OAuth2Ex.Sample modules contain several examples for OAuth2 providers like Google, GitHub and Dropbox.

It's pretty much work in progress yet, and APIs will likely to change.

Setup

Specify :oauth2ex in the appliations and deps section in the mix.exs.

def application do
  [ applications: [:logger, :oauth2ex] ]
end

defp deps do
  [
    {:oauth2ex, github: "parroty/oauth2ex"}
  ]
end

Usage

The following is an example to call Google's BigQuery API.

Manual token retrieval using browser

An example to use OAuth2Ex helper methods to retrieve OAuth token.

# Setup config parameters (retrive required parameters from OAuth 2.0 providers).
config = OAuth2Ex.config(
  id:            System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_ID"),
  secret:        System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_SECRET"),
  authorize_url: "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
  token_url:     "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token",
  scope:         "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigquery",
  callback_url:  "urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob",
  token_store:   %OAuth2Ex.FileStorage{
                   file_path: System.user_home <> "/oauth2ex.google.token"}
)
# -> %OAuth2Ex.Config{authorize_url: "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth"...

# Get authentication parameters.
IO.puts OAuth2Ex.get_authorize_url(config)
# -> https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?client_id=1...
#    Open this url using browser and acquire code string.

# Acquire code from browser and a get access token using the code.
code = "xxx..."
token = OAuth2Ex.get_token(config, code)
# -> %OAuth2Ex.Token{access_token: "xxx.......",
#    expires_at: 1408467022, expires_in: 3600,
#    refresh_token: "yyy....",
#    token_type: "Bearer"}

# Access API server using token.
response = OAuth2Ex.HTTP.get(token, "https://www.googleapis.com/bigquery/v2/projects")
# -> %HTTPoison.Response{body: "{\n \"kind\": \"bigquery#projectList...

# Save token to a file for later use.
OAuth2Ex.Token.save(token)

# Load previously saved token from the file.
token = OAuth2Ex.Token.load(
          %OAuth2Ex.FileStorage{file_path: System.user_home <> "/oauth2ex.google.token"})

# Refresh access_token from refresh_token.
token = OAuth2Ex.refresh_token(config, token)

Automatic token retrieval using local callback server

An example to uses local server for automating the token retrieval using OAuth2Ex.Client module.

# Setup config parameters (retrive required parameters from OAuth 2.0 providers).
config = OAuth2Ex.config(
  id:            System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_ID"),
  secret:        System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_SECRET"),
  authorize_url: "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
  token_url:     "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token",
  scope:         "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigquery",
  callback_url:  "http://localhost:4000",
  token_store:   %OAuth2Ex.FileStorage{
                   file_path: System.user_home <> "/oauth2ex.google.token"}
)
# -> %OAuth2Ex.Config{authorize_url: "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth"...

# Retrieve token from server. It opens authorize_url using browser,
# and then waits for the callback on the local server on port 4000.
token = OAuth2Ex.Token.browse_and_retrieve!(config, receiver_port: 4000)
# -> %OAuth2Ex.Token{access_token: "..."

# Access API server using token.
response = OAuth2Ex.HTTP.get(token, "https://www.googleapis.com/bigquery/v2/projects")
# -> %HTTPoison.Response{body: "{\n \"kind\": \"bigquery#projectList...

Note: There's a case that retrieving token fails with (OAuth2Ex.Error) Error is returned from the server while getting tokens, depending on the browser and its version. Please try with other browser if the problem still occurs.

Encrypted token storage

OAuth2Ex.EncryptedStorage module can be used as :token_store to save access_token and refresh_token in encrypted format.

token = %OAuth2Ex.Token{access_token: "aaa", refresh_token: "bbb"}
storage = %OAuth2Ex.EncryptedStorage{
            encryption_key: "encryption_key", file_path: "test/tmp/token_file"}
OAuth2Ex.EncryptedStorage.save(original_token, storage)

The token is saved to the file specified by the :file_path using the encryption_key, as the following.

{
  "access_token": [
    "iN/U",
    "nb1HhOXWlPusXj1yRRgF3g=="
  ],
  "auth_header": "Bearer",
  "config": null,
  "expires_at": null,
  "expires_in": null,
  "refresh_token": [
    "07OM",
    "Ykh2a9vE38XY7yQTwyXQ1g=="
  ],
  "token_type": null
}

The token file can be loaded as follows.

storage = %OAuth2Ex.EncryptedStorage{
            encryption_key: "encryption_key", file_path: "test/tmp/token_file"}
token = OAuth2Ex.EncryptedStorage.load(storage)

Ensure to refresh token

Some providers sets expiration date for the access token (ex. Google has 1 hour expiration). For this kind of providers, OAuth2Ex.ensure_token can be used. This method checks the expiration date and refresh the token if it's expired, and does nothing if it's not expired.


token = OAuth2Ex.ensure_token(config, token)
response = OAuth2Ex.HTTP.get(token, "https://www.googleapis.com/bigquery/v2/projects")

Helper functions

OAuthEx.Client module provides some helper functions for token retrieval and http accessing.

  • The retrieve_token method retrieves the OAuth token and store it locally.
    • This method-call starts up local web server with specified :receiver_port to listen callback from OAuth 2.0 server.
  • The project method calls Google's BigQuery API using the pre-acquired OAuth token.
defmodule OAuth2Ex.Sample.Google do
  @moduledoc """
  Sample setting for Google OAuth 2.0 API.

  API: https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/OAuth2
  """

  use OAuth2Ex.Client

  @doc """
  Client configuration for specifying required parameters
  for accessing OAuth 2.0 server.
  """
  def config do
    OAuth2Ex.config(
      id:            System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_ID"),
      secret:        System.get_env("GOOGLE_API_CLIENT_SECRET"),
      authorize_url: "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
      token_url:     "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token",
      scope:         "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/bigquery",
      callback_url:  "http://localhost:3000",
      token_store:   %OAuth2Ex.FileStorage{
                       file_path: System.user_home <> "/oauth2ex.google.token"},
      client_options: [receiver_port: 3000, timeout: 60_000]
    )
  end

  @doc """
  List the projects by calling Google BigQuery API.
  API: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/reference/v2/#Projects
  """
  def projects do
    response = OAuth2Ex.HTTP.get(token, "https://www.googleapis.com/bigquery/v2/projects")
    response.body |> JSX.decode!
  end
end

Config parameters

OAuth2Ex.config method requires the following parameters.

Parameter Description
id(*) Client ID to identify the user to access.
secret(*) Client secret to authorize the token retrieval.
authorize_url(*) Authorization url to retrieve a code to start authentication.
token_url(*) Token url to retrieve token.
scope Scope to identify the allowed scope within the provider's API. Some providers does not have one.
callback_url Callback url for receiving code, which is redirected from authorize_url.
token_store Specify a module to handle saving and loading.
auth_header HTTP Access header for specifying OAuth token. It defaults to "Bearer", which sends Authorization: Bearer xxxx header.
response_type Response type when accessing authorization url. It defaults to "code".
client_options Additional options for clients.

(*) indicates mandatory parameter.