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Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Tags: Testing    
Latest version: v0.2.3

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README

Pavlov

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A BDD framework for your Elixir projects. It's main goal is to provide a rich, expressive syntax for you to develop your unit tests against. Think of it as RSpec's little Elixir-loving brother.

Pavlov is an abstraction built on top of the excellent ExUnit, Elixir's standard testing library, so all of its standard features are still supported.

Here's a short and sweet example of Pavlov in action:

defmodule OrderSpec do
  use Pavlov.Case, async: true
  import Pavlov.Syntax.Expect

  describe ".sum" do
    context "When the Order has items" do
      let :order do
        %Order{items: [
          {"burger", 10.0}
          {"fries", 5.2}
        ]}
      end

      it "sums the prices of its items" do
        expect Order.sum(order) |> to_eq 15.2
      end
    end
  end
end

Table Of Contents

Usage

Add Pavlov as a dependency in your mix.exs file:

defp deps do
  [{:pavlov, ">= 0.1.0", only: :test}]
end

After you are done, run mix deps.get in your shell to fetch the dependencies. To start execution of your Pavlov tests, add the following to your 'test/test_helper.exs':

Pavlov.start

Afterwards, running mix test in your shell will run all test suites.

Describe and Context

You may use the describe and context constructs to group tests together in a logical way. Although context is just an alias for describe, you may use it to add some extra meaning to your tests, ie. you can use contexts within a described module function to simulate different conditions under which your function should work.

Let

You can use let to define memoized helper methods for your tests. The returning value is cached across all invocations. 'let' is lazily-evaluated, meaning that its body is not evaluated until the first time the method is invoked.

let :order do
  %Order{items: [
    {"burger", 10.0}
    {"fries", 5.2}
  ]}
end

Subject

You can use subject to explicitly define the value that is returned by the subject method in the example scope. A subject declared in a context will be available in child contexts as well.

describe "Array" do
  subject do
    [1, 2, 3]
  end

  it "has the prescribed elements" do
    assert subject == [1, 2, 3]
  end

  context "Inner context" do
    it "can use an outer-scope subject" do
      assert subject == [1, 2, 3]
    end
  end
end

If you are using Expects syntax together with subject, you can use the is_expected helper:

describe "Numbers" do
  subject do: 5

  context "straight up, no message" do
    it is_expected |> to_eq 5
  end

  context "you can also use a custom message" do
    it "is equal to 5" do
      is_expected |> to_eq 5
    end
  end
end

By default, every created context via describe or context contains a subject that returns nil.

Expects syntax

You may use the regular ExUnit assert syntax if you wish, but Pavlov includes an expect syntax that makes your tests more readable.

If you wish to use this syntax, simply import the Pavlov.Syntax.Expect at the beginning of your Test module:

defmodule MyTest do
  use Pavlov.Case, async: true
  import Pavlov.Syntax.Expect
  #...
end

All core matchers are supported under both syntaxes.

Included Matchers

When using the expects syntax, all matchers have negative counterparts, ie:

expect 1 |> not_to_eq 2
expect(1 > 5) |> not_to_be_true

Visit the Pavlov Wiki to learn more about all of the core matchers available for your tests.

Callbacks

For now, Pavlov only supports callbacks that run before test cases. ExUnit's on_exit callback is still fully supported though, and may be used normally inside your before callbacks.

before(:each)

Runs the specified code before every test case.

describe "before :each" do
  before :each do
    IO.puts "A test is about to start"
    :ok
  end

  it "does something" do
    #...
  end

  it "does something else" do
    #...
  end
end

In this case, "A test is about to start" is printed twice to the console.

before(:all)

Runs the specified code once before any tests run.

describe "before :all" do
  before :all do
    IO.puts "This suite is about to run"
    :ok
  end

  it "does something" do
    #...
  end

  it "does something else" do
    #...
  end
end

In this case, "This suite is about to run" is printed once to the console.

Mocking

Pavlov provides facilities to mock functions in your Elixir modules. This is achieved using Meck, an erlang mocking tool.

Here's a simple example using HTTPotion:

before :each do
  allow HTTPotion |> to_receive(get: fn(url) -> "<html></html>" end)
end

it "gets a page" do
  result = HTTPotion.get("http://example.com")

  expect HTTPotion |> to_have_received :get
  expect result |> to_eq "<html></html>"
end

If you want the mock to retain all other functions in the original module, then you will need to pass the opts List argument to the allow function and include the :passthrough value. The allow function specifies a default opts List that includes the :no_link value. This value should be included in the List as it ensures that the mock (which is linked to the creating process) will unload automatically when a crash occurs.

before :each do
  allow(HTTPotion, [:no_link, :passthrough]) |> to_receive(get: fn(url) -> "<html></html>" end)
end

Expectations on mocks also work using asserts syntax via the called matcher:

before :each do
  allow HTTPotion |> to_receive(get: fn(url) -> "<html></html>" end)
end

it "gets a page" do
  HTTPotion.get("http://example.com")

  assert called HTTPotion.get
end

Mocks with arguments

You can also perform assertions on what arguments were passed to a mocked method:

before :each do
  allow HTTPotion |> to_receive(get: fn(url) -> "<html></html>" end)
end

it "gets a page" do
  HTTPotion.get("http://example.com")

  expect HTTPotion |> to_have_received :get |> with_args "http://example.com"
end

In asserts syntax:

before :each do
  allow HTTPotion |> to_receive (get: fn(url) -> url end )
end

it "gets a page" do
  HTTPotion.get("http://example.com")

  assert called HTTPotion.get("http://example.com")
end

Skipping tests

Pavlov runs with the --exclude pending:true configuration by default, which means that tests tagged with :pending will not be run.

Pavlov offers several convenience methods to skip your tests, BDD style:

xit

Marks a specific test as pending and will not run it.

xit "does not run" do
  # This will never run
end

xdescribe/xcontext

Marks a group of tests as pending and will not run them. Just as describe and context, xdescribe and xcontext are analogous.

xdescribe "A pending group" do
  it "does not run" do
    # This will never run
  end

  it "does not run either" do
    # This will never run either
  end
end

Development

After cloning the repo, make sure to download all dependencies using mix deps.get. Pavlov is tested using Pavlov itself, so the general philosophy is to simply write a test using a given feature until it passes.

Running the tests

Simply run mix test

Building the docs

Run MIX_ENV=docs mix docs. The resulting HTML files will be output to the docs folder.

Contributing

  1. Fork it ( https://github.com/sproutapp/pavlov/fork )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request