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Description

Pow is a robust, modular, and extendable authentication and user management solution for Phoenix and Plug-based apps.

Monthly Downloads: 8,048
Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Latest version: v1.0.15

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README

[Pow](assets/logo-full.svg)

Build Status hex.pm

Pow is a robust, modular, and extendable authentication and user management solution for Phoenix and Plug-based apps.

Features

  • User registration
  • Session based authorization
  • Per Endpoint/Plug configuration
  • [API token authorization](guides/api.md)
  • Mnesia cache with automatic cluster healing
  • [Multitenancy](guides/multitenancy.md)
  • [User roles](guides/user_roles.md)
  • Extendable
  • I18n
  • [And more](guides/why_pow.md)

Installation

Add Pow to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:

defp deps do
  [
    # ...
    {:pow, "~> 1.0.15"}
  ]
end

Run mix deps.get to install it.

Getting started

Phoenix app

Umbrella project: Check out the [umbrella project guide](guides/umbrella_project.md).

Install the necessary files:

mix pow.install

This will add the following files to your app:

LIB_PATH/users/user.ex
PRIV_PATH/repo/migrations/TIMESTAMP_create_user.ex

Add the following to config/config.exs:

config :my_app, :pow,
  user: MyApp.Users.User,
  repo: MyApp.Repo

Set up WEB_PATH/endpoint.ex to enable session based authentication (Pow.Plug.Session is added after Plug.Session):

defmodule MyAppWeb.Endpoint do
  use Phoenix.Endpoint, otp_app: :my_app

  # ...

  plug Plug.Session,
    store: :cookie,
    key: "_my_app_key",
    signing_salt: "secret"

  plug Pow.Plug.Session, otp_app: :my_app

  plug MyAppWeb.Phoenix.Router
end

Add Pow routes to WEB_PATH/router.ex:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Router do
  use MyAppWeb, :router
  use Pow.Phoenix.Router

  # ... pipelines

  pipeline :protected do
    plug Pow.Plug.RequireAuthenticated,
      error_handler: Pow.Phoenix.PlugErrorHandler
  end

  scope "/" do
    pipe_through :browser

    pow_routes()
  end

  scope "/", MyAppWeb do
    pipe_through [:browser, :protected]

    # Add your protected routes here
  end

  # ... routes
end

That's it! Run mix ecto.setup and you can now visit http://localhost:4000/registration/new, and create a new user.

Modify templates

By default, Pow will only expose files that are necessary.

If you wish to modify the templates, you can generate them (and the view files) using:

mix pow.phoenix.gen.templates

Remember to add web_module: MyAppWeb to the configuration so that the view you've just generated will be used instead:

config :my_app, :pow,
  # ...
  web_module: MyAppWeb

Extensions

Pow is made so it's easy to extend the functionality with your own complimentary library. The following extensions are included in this library:

  • [PowResetPassword](lib/extensions/reset_password/README.md)
  • [PowEmailConfirmation](lib/extensions/email_confirmation/README.md)
  • [PowPersistentSession](lib/extensions/persistent_session/README.md)
  • [PowInvitation](lib/extensions/invitation/README.md)

Check out the "Other libraries" section for other extensions.

Add extensions support

To keep it easy to understand and configure Pow, you'll have to enable the extensions yourself.

Let's install the PowResetPassword and PowEmailConfirmation extensions.

First, install extension migrations by running:

mix pow.extension.ecto.gen.migrations --extension PowResetPassword --extension PowEmailConfirmation

Then run the migrations with mix ecto.migrate. Now, update config/config.ex with the :extensions and :controller_callbacks key:

config :my_app, :pow,
  user: MyApp.Users.User,
  repo: MyApp.Repo,
  extensions: [PowResetPassword, PowEmailConfirmation],
  controller_callbacks: Pow.Extension.Phoenix.ControllerCallbacks

Update LIB_PATH/users/user.ex with the extensions:

defmodule MyApp.Users.User do
  use Ecto.Schema
  use Pow.Ecto.Schema
  use Pow.Extension.Ecto.Schema,
    extensions: [PowResetPassword, PowEmailConfirmation]

  # ...

  def changeset(user_or_changeset, attrs) do
    user_or_changeset
    |> pow_changeset(attrs)
    |> pow_extension_changeset(attrs)
  end
end

Add Pow extension routes to WEB_PATH/router.ex:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Router do
  use MyAppWeb, :router
  use Pow.Phoenix.Router
  use Pow.Extension.Phoenix.Router,
    extensions: [PowResetPassword, PowEmailConfirmation]

  # ...

  scope "/" do
    pipe_through :browser

    pow_routes()
    pow_extension_routes()
  end

  # ...
end

Modify extension templates

Templates and views for extensions can be generated with:

mix pow.extension.phoenix.gen.templates --extension PowResetPassword --extension PowEmailConfirmation

Please follow the instructions in "Modify templates" to enable customization of templates and views.

Mailer support

Many extensions require a mailer to have been set up. Let's create a mailer mock module in WEB_PATH/pow_mailer.ex:

defmodule MyAppWeb.PowMailer do
  use Pow.Phoenix.Mailer
  require Logger

  def cast(%{user: user, subject: subject, text: text, html: html, assigns: _assigns}) do
    # Build email struct to be used in `process/1`

    %{to: user.email, subject: subject, text: text, html: html}
  end

  def process(email) do
    # Send email

    Logger.debug("E-mail sent: #{inspect email}")
  end
end

Update config/config.ex with :mailer_backend key:

config :my_app, :pow,
  # ...
  mailer_backend: MyAppWeb.PowMailer

This mailer module will only output the mail to your log, so you can e.g. try out the reset password and email confirmation links. You should integrate the Pow mailer with your actual mailer system. For Swoosh or Bamboo integration, check out the [Configuring mailer guide](guides/configuring_mailer.md).

Modify mailer templates

Since Phoenix doesn't ship with a mailer setup by default you should first modify my_app_web.ex with a :mailer_view macro:

defmodule MyAppWeb do
  # ...

  def mailer_view do
    quote do
      use Phoenix.View, root: "lib/my_app_web/templates",
                        namespace: MyAppWeb

      use Phoenix.HTML
    end
  end

  # ...

end

Now generate the view and template files:

mix pow.extension.phoenix.mailer.gen.templates --extension PowResetPassword --extension PowEmailConfirmation

This will generate view files in WEB_PATH/views/mailer/, and html and text templates in WEB_PATH/templates/mailer directory.

Add web_mailer_module: MyAppWeb to the configuration so Pow will use the views you've just generated:

config :my_app, :pow,
  # ...
  web_mailer_module: MyAppWeb

The generated view files contain the subject lines for the emails.

Configuration

Pow is built to be modular, and easy to configure. The configuration is passed to method calls as well as plug options, and they will take priority over any environment configuration. It's ideal in case you got an umbrella app with multiple separate user domains.

The easiest way to use Pow with Phoenix is to use a :otp_app in method calls and set the app environment configuration. It will keep a persistent fallback configuration that you configure in one place.

Module groups

Pow has three main groups of modules that each can be used individually, or in conjunction with each other:

Pow.Plug

This group will handle the plug connection. The configuration will be assigned to conn.private[:pow_config] and passed through the controller to the users' context module. The Plug module has methods to authenticate, create, update, and delete users, and will generate/renew the session automatically.

Pow.Ecto

This group contains all modules related to the Ecto based user schema and context. By default, Pow will use the Pow.Ecto.Context module to authenticate, create, update and delete users with lookups to the database. However, it's straightforward to extend or write your custom user context. You can do this by setting the :users_context configuration key.

Pow.Phoenix

This group contains the controllers, views, and templates for Phoenix. You only need to set the (session) plug in endpoint.ex and add the routes to router.ex. Views and templates are not generated by default, instead, the compiled views and templates in Pow are used. You can generate the templates used by running mix pow.phoenix.gen.templates. You can also customize flash messages and callback routes by creating your own using :messsages_backend and :routes_backend.

The registration and session controllers can be changed with your customized versions too, but since the routes are built on compile time, you'll have to set them up in router.ex with :pow namespace. For minor pre/post-processing of requests, you can use the :controller_callbacks option. It exists to make it easier to modify flow with extensions (e.g., send a confirmation email upon user registration).

Pow.Extension

This module helps build extensions for Pow. There're three extension mix tasks to generate Ecto migrations and phoenix templates.

mix pow.extension.ecto.gen.migrations
mix pow.extension.phoenix.gen.templates
mix pow.extension.phoenix.mailer.gen.templates

Authorization plug

Pow ships with a session plug module. You can easily switch it out with a different one. As an example, here's how you do that with Phoenix.Token:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Pow.Plug do
  use Pow.Plug.Base

  @session_key :pow_user_token
  @salt "user salt"
  @max_age 86400

  def fetch(conn, config) do
    conn  = Plug.Conn.fetch_session(conn)
    token = Plug.Conn.get_session(conn, @session_key)

    MyAppWeb.Endpoint
    |> Phoenix.Token.verify(@salt, token, max_age: @max_age)
    |> maybe_load_user(conn)
  end

  defp maybe_load_user({:ok, user_id}, conn), do: {conn, MyApp.Repo.get(User, user_id)}
  defp maybe_load_user({:error, _any}, conn), do: {conn, nil}

  def create(conn, user, config) do
    token = Phoenix.Token.sign(MyAppWeb.Endpoint, @salt, user.id)
    conn  =
      conn
      |> Plug.Conn.fetch_session()
      |> Plug.Conn.put_session(@session_key, token)

    {conn, user}
  end

  def delete(conn, config) do
    conn
    |> Plug.Conn.fetch_session()
    |> Plug.Conn.delete_session(@session_key)
  end
end

defmodule MyAppWeb.Endpoint do
  # ...

  plug MyAppWeb.Pow.Plug, otp_app: :my_app
end

Ecto changeset

The user module has a fallback changeset/2 method. If you want to add custom validations, you can use the pow_changeset/2 method like so:

defmodule MyApp.Users.User do
  use Ecto.Schema
  use Pow.Ecto.Schema

  schema "users" do
    field :custom, :string

    pow_user_fields()

    timestamps()
  end

  def changeset(user_or_changeset, attrs) do
    user_or_changeset
    |> pow_changeset(attrs)
    |> Ecto.Changeset.cast(attrs, [:custom])
    |> Ecto.Changeset.validate_required([:custom])
  end
end

Phoenix controllers

Controllers in Pow are very slim and consists of just one Pow.Plug method call with response methods. If you wish to change the flow of the Pow.Phoenix.RegistrationController and Pow.Phoenix.SessionController, the best way is to create your own and modify router.ex.

However, to make it easier to integrate extension, you can add callbacks to the controllers that do some light pre/post-processing of the request:

defmodule MyCustomExtension.Phoenix.ControllerCallbacks do
  use Pow.Extension.Phoenix.ControllerCallbacks.Base

  def before_respond(Pow.Phoenix.RegistrationController, :create, {:ok, user, conn}, _config) do
    # send email

    {:ok, user, conn}
  end
end

You can add methods for before_process/4 (before the action happens) and before_respond/4 (before parsing the results from the action).

Testing with authenticated users

To test with authenticated users in your controller tests, you just have to assign the user to the conn in your setup callback:

setup %{conn: conn} do
  user = %User{email: "test@example.com"}
  conn = Pow.Plug.assign_current_user(conn, user, otp_app: :my_app)

  {:ok, conn: conn}
end

I18n

All templates can be generated and modified to use your Gettext module.

For flash messages, you can create the following module:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Pow.Messages do
  use Pow.Phoenix.Messages
  use Pow.Extension.Phoenix.Messages,
    extensions: [PowResetPassword]

  import MyAppWeb.Gettext

  def user_not_authenticated(_conn), do: gettext("You need to sign in to see this page.")

  # Message methods for extensions has to be prepended with the snake cased
  # extension name. So the `email_has_been_sent/1` method from
  # `PowResetPassword` is written as `pow_reset_password_email_has_been_sent/1`
  # in your messages module.
  def pow_reset_password_email_has_been_sent(_conn), do: gettext("An email with reset instructions has been sent to you. Please check your inbox.")
end

Add messages_backend: MyAppWeb.Pow.Messages to your configuration. You can find all the messages in Pow.Phoenix.Messages and [Pow Extension].Phoenix.Messages.

Callback routes

You can customize callback routes by creating the following module:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Pow.Routes do
  use Pow.Phoenix.Routes
  alias MyAppWeb.Router.Helpers, as: Routes

  def after_sign_in_path(conn), do: Routes.some_path(conn, :index)
end

Add routes_backend: MyAppWeb.Pow.Routes to your configuration. You can find all the routes in Pow.Phoenix.Routes.

Password hashing function

You can change the password hashing function easily. For example, this is how you use comeonin with Argon2:

defmodule MyApp.Users.User do
  use Ecto.Schema
  use Pow.Ecto.Schema,
    password_hash_methods: {&Argon2.hash_pwd_salt/1,
                            &Argon2.verify_pass/2}

  # ...
end

You can use Pow.Plug.current_user/1 to fetch the current user from the connection.

This can be used to show sign in or sign out links in your Phoenix template:

<%= if Pow.Plug.current_user(@conn) do %>
  <span><%= link "Sign out", to: Routes.pow_session_path(@conn, :delete), method: :delete %></span>
<% else %>
  <span><%= link "Register", to: Routes.pow_registration_path(@conn, :new) %></span>
  <span><%= link "Sign in", to: Routes.pow_session_path(@conn, :new) %></span>
<% end %>

The current user can also be fetched by using the template assigns set in the configuration with :current_user_assigns_key (defaults to @current_user).

Plugs

Pow.Plug.Session

Enables session-based authorization. The user struct will be collected from a cache store through a GenServer using a unique token generated for the session. The token will be reset every time the authorization level changes (handled by Pow.Plug) or after a certain interval (default 15 minutes).

The user struct fetched can be out of sync with the database if the row in the database is updated by actions outside Pow. In this case it's recommended to [add a plug](guides/sync_user.md) that reloads the user struct and reassigns it to the connection.

Custom metadata can be set for the session by assigning a private :pow_session_metadata key in the conn. Read the Pow.Plug.Session module docs for more details.

Cache store

By default Pow.Store.Backend.EtsCache is started automatically and can be used in development and test environment.

For a production environment, you should use a distributed, persistent cache store. Pow makes this easy with Pow.Store.Backend.MnesiaCache. To start MnesiaCache in your Phoenix app, add it to your application.ex supervisor:

defmodule MyAppWeb.Application do
  use Application

  def start(_type, _args) do
    children = [
      MyApp.Repo,
      MyAppWeb.Endpoint,
      Pow.Store.Backend.MnesiaCache
      # # Or in a distributed system:
      # {Pow.Store.Backend.MnesiaCache, extra_db_nodes: Node.list()},
      # Pow.Store.Backend.MnesiaCache.Unsplit # Recover from netsplit
    ]

    opts = [strategy: :one_for_one, name: MyAppWeb.Supervisor]
    Supervisor.start_link(children, opts)
  end

  # ...
end

Update the config cache_store_backend: Pow.Store.Backend.MnesiaCache.

Remember to add :mnesia to your :extra_applications so it'll be available for your release build.

The MnesiaCache requires write access. If you've a read-only file system you should take a look at the [Redis cache backend store guide](guides/redis_cache_store_backend.md).

Pow.Plug.RequireAuthenticated

Will halt connection if no current user is not present in assigns. Expects an :error_handler option.

Pow.Plug.RequireNotAuthenticated

Will halt connection if a current user is present in assigns. Expects an :error_handler option.

Migrating from Coherence

If you're currently using Coherence, you can migrate your app to use Pow instead. Follow the instructions in [Coherence migration guide](guides/coherence_migration.md).

Pow security practices

  • The user_id_field value is always treated as case insensitive
  • If the user_id_field is :email, it'll be validated based on RFC 5322 (excluding IP validation)
  • The :password has a minimum length of 8 characters
  • The :password has a maximum length of 4096 bytes to prevent DOS attacks against Pbkdf2
  • The :password_hash is generated with PBKDF2-SHA512 with 100,000 iterations
  • The session value contains a UUID token that is used to pull credentials through a GenServer
  • The credentials are stored in a key-value cache with TTL of 30 minutes
  • The credentials and session are renewed after 15 minutes if any activity is detected
  • The credentials and session are renewed when user updates

Some of the above is based on OWASP or NIST SP800-63b recommendations.

Other libraries

PowAssent - Multi-provider support for Pow with strategies for Twitter, Github, Google, Facebook and more

Contributing

Please read [CONTRIBUTING.md](CONTRIBUTING.md).

LICENSE

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2018-2019 Dan Schultzer & the Contributors

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Pow README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.