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Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
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README

Sitemap

Build Status Hex version Hex downloads Inline docs hex.pm

Generating sitemap.xml

Installation

If available in Hex, the package can be installed as:

  1. Add sitemap to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:
  def deps do
    [{:sitemap, "~> 1.1"}]
  end
  1. Ensure sitemap is started before your application:
  def application do
    [extra_applications: [:sitemap]]
  end

Usage

sitemap helps you define a module with a generate function which will build a sitemap for your site. You must decide how to call generate - via a manual Mix task, a recurring background job, or whatever you choose.

The resulting sitemap is currently written to a file. Because some web hosts do not support writing to the filesystem, we plan to support uploading to S3 in the future.

You can always specify your own adapter module with a write/2 function and persist the sitemaps wherever you like.

Basic
defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap

  def generate do
    create do
      # list each URL that should be included
      add "path1", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly", expires: nil, mobile: true
      # ...
    end

    # notify search engines (currently Google and Bing) of the updated sitemap
    ping()
  end
end
With Phoenix
defmodule Sitemaps do
  alias MyAppWeb.{Endpoint, Router.Helpers}

  use Sitemap,
    host: "http://#{Application.get_env(:myapp, Endpoint)[:url][:host]}",
    files_path: "priv/static/sitemaps/",
    public_path: "sitemaps/"

  def generate do
    create do
      # list each URL that should be included, using your application's routes
      add Helpers.entry_path(Endpoint, :index), priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly", expires: nil
      add Helpers.entry_path(Endpoint, :about), priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly", expires: nil
      # ...
    end

    # notify search engines (currently Google and Bing) of the updated sitemap
    ping()
  end
end

Ways to set sitemap's options

Set options via the use statement
defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: false, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "path1", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly"
      add "path2", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly"
    end

    ping()
  end
end
Set options via arguments to create
defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap

  def generate do
    create compress: false, host: "http://example.com" do
      add "path1", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly"
      add "path2", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly"
    end

    ping()
  end
end
Set options via Mix config
use Mix.Config

config :sitemap, [
  compress: false,
  host: "http://example.com",
]

Set options via environment variables
SITEMAP_COMPRESS=false SITEMAP_HOST=http://example.com mix run ./sitemap.exs

And you guys should follow mix task documents, here:

Available options
Name Default Value Environment -
max_sitemap_files 10000 SITEMAP_MAXFILES Max sitemap links per index file
max_sitemap_links 10000 SITEMAP_MAXLINKS Max links per sitemap
max_sitemap_news 1000 SITEMAP_MAXNEWS Max news sitemap per index_file
max_sitemap_images 1000 SITEMAP_MAXIMAGES Max images per url
max_sitemap_filesize 5000000 SITEMAP_MAXFILESIZE Bytes
host http://www.example.com SITEMAP_HOST Your domain, also host with http scheme.
filename sitemap SITEMAP_FILENAME Name of sitemap file.
files_path sitemap SITEMAP_SITEMAPS_PATH After domain path's location on URL.
public_path sitemap SITEMAP_PUBLIC_PATH Write sitemap files to this local path.
adapter Sitemap.Adapters.File SITEMAP_ADAPTER You'd change to write each filesystem
verbose true SITEMAP_VERBOSE Getting more information in sitemap working.
compress true SITEMAP_COMPRESS Gzip compression.
create_index auto SITEMAP_CREATE_INDEX Generating sitemps to this directory path.

Features

Current Features or To-Do

Supports: generate kind of some sitemaps

News Sitemaps

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: false, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "index.html", news: [
           publication_name: "Example",
           publication_language: "en",
           title: "My Article",
           keywords: "my article, articles about myself",
           stock_tickers: "SAO:PETR3",
           publication_date: "2011-08-22",
           access: "Subscription",
           genres: "PressRelease"
         ]
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/index.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-05-30T13:13:12Z</lastmod>
 <news:news>
   <news:publication>
     <news:name>Example</news:name>
     <news:language>en</news:language>
   </news:publication>
   <news:title>My Article</news:title>
   <news:access>Subscription</news:access>
   <news:genres>PressRelease</news:genres>
   <news:keywords>my article, articles about myself</news:keywords>
   <news:stock_tickers>SAO:PETR3</news:stock_tickers>
   <news:publication_date>2011-08-22</news:publication_date>
 </news:news>
</url>

Look at Creating a Google News Sitemap as required.

Image sitemaps

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: false, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "index.html", images: [
           loc: "http://example.com/image.jpg",
           caption: "Caption",
           title: "Title",
           license: "https://github.com/ikeikeikeike/sitemap/blob/master/LICENSE",
           geo_location: "Limerick, Ireland",
         ]
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/image.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-05-31T13:32:40Z</lastmod>
 <image:image>
   <image:loc>http://example.com/image.jpg</image:loc>
   <image:caption>Caption</image:caption>
   <image:title>Title</image:title>
   <image:license>https://github.com/ikeikeikeike/sitemap/blob/master/LICENSE</image:license>
   <image:geo_location>Limerick, Ireland</image:geo_location>
 </image:image>
</url>

Look at Image sitemaps as required.

Video sitemaps

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: true, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "index.html", videos: [
           thumbnail_loc: "http://www.example.com/thumbs/123.jpg",
           title: "Grilling steaks for summer",
           description: "Alkis shows you how to get perfectly done steaks every time",
           content_loc: "http://www.example.com/video123.flv",
           player_loc: "http://www.example.com/videoplayer.swf?video=123",
           allow_embed: true,
           autoplay: true,
           duration: 600,
           expiration_date: "2009-11-05T19:20:30+08:00",
           publication_date: "2007-11-05T19:20:30+08:00",
           rating: 0.5,
           view_count: 1000,
           tags: ~w(tag1 tag2 tag3),
           tag: "tag4",
           category: "Category",
           family_friendly: true,
           restriction: "IE GB US CA",
           relationship: true,
           gallery_loc: "http://cooking.example.com",
           gallery_title: "Cooking Videos",
           price: "1.99",
           price_currency: "EUR",
           price_type: "own",
           price_resolution: "HD",
           uploader: "GrillyMcGrillerson",
           uploader_info: "http://www.example.com/users/grillymcgrillerson",
           live: true,
           requires_subscription: false
         ]
    end
  end
end

Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/video.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-05-31T12:51:47Z</lastmod>
 <video:video>
   <video:title>Grilling steaks for summer</video:title>
   <video:description>Alkis shows you how to get perfectly done steaks every time</video:description>
   <video:player_loc allow_embed="yes" autoplay="ap=1">http://www.example.com/videoplayer.swf?video=123</video:player_loc>
   <video:content_loc>http://www.example.com/video123.flv</video:content_loc>
   <video:thumbnail_loc>http://www.example.com/thumbs/123.jpg</video:thumbnail_loc>
   <video:duration>600</video:duration>
   <video:gallery_loc title="Cooking Videos">http://cooking.example.com</video:gallery_loc>
   <video:rating>0.5</video:rating>
   <video:view_count>1000</video:view_count>
   <video:expiration_date>2009-11-05T19:20:30+08:00</video:expiration_date>
   <video:publication_date>2007-11-05T19:20:30+08:00</video:publication_date>
   <video:tag>tag1</video:tag>
   <video:tag>tag2</video:tag>
   <video:tag>tag3</video:tag>
   <video:tag>tag4</video:tag>
   <video:category>Category</video:category>
   <video:family_friendly>yes</video:family_friendly>
   <video:restriction relationship="allow">IE GB US CA</video:restriction>
   <video:uploader info="http://www.example.com/users/grillymcgrillerson">GrillyMcGrillerson</video:uploader>
   <video:price currency="EUR" resolution="HD" type="own">1.99</video:price>
   <video:live>yes</video:live>
   <video:requires_subscription>no</video:requires_subscription>
 </video:video>
</url>

Look at Video sitemaps as required.

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: true, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "index.html", alternates: [
           href: "http://www.example.de/index.html",
           lang: "de",
           nofollow: true,
           media: "only screen and (max-width: 640px)"
         ]
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/video.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-06-01T14:05:05Z</lastmod>
 <xhtml:link href="http://www.example.de/index.html" hreflang="de" media="only screen and (max-width: 640px)" rel="alternate nofollow"/>
</url>

Look at Alternate Links as required.

Geo Sitemaps

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: true, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "geo.html", alternates: [
           format: "kml"
         ]
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/geo.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-06-01T14:15:25Z</lastmod>
 <geo:geo>
   <geo:format>kml</geo:format>
 </geo:geo>
</url>

Look at Geo Sitemaps as required.

Mobile Sitemaps

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: true, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "mobile.html", priority: 0.5, changefreq: "hourly", mobile: true
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/mobile.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-06-01T14:24:44Z</lastmod>
 <changefreq>hourly</changefreq>
 <priority>0.5</priority>
 <mobile:mobile/>
</url>

Look at Mobile Sitemaps as required.

PageMap sitemap

defmodule Sitemaps do
  use Sitemap, compress: true, host: "http://example.com"

  def generate do
    create do
      add "pagemap.html", pagemap: [
        dataobjects: [[
          type: "document",
          id: "hibachi",
          attributes: [
            [name: "name",   value: "Dragon"],
            [name: "review", value: "3.5"],
          ]
        ]]
      ]
    end
  end
end
Generated Result
<url>
 <loc>http://www.example.com/pagemap.html</loc>
 <lastmod>2016-06-02T17:01:17Z</lastmod>
 <PageMap>
   <DataObject id="hibachi" type="document">
     <Attribute name="name">Dragon</Attribute>
     <Attribute name="review">3.5</Attribute>
   </DataObject>
 </PageMap>
</url>

Look at PageMap sitemap as required.

create do
  add_to_index "/mysitemap1.xml.gz"
  add_to_index "/alternatemap.xml"
  add_to_index "/changehost.xml.gz", host: "http://something.com"

  add ...
  add ....
end
<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<sitemapindex xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemalocation="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9 http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9/siteindex.xsd" xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9">
 <sitemap>
   <loc>http://example.com/mysitemap1.xml.gz</loc>
   <lastmod>2017-05-19T11:42:45+09:00</lastmod>
 </sitemap>
 <sitemap>
   <loc>http://example.com/mysitemap2.xml.gz</loc>
   <lastmod>2017-05-19T11:42:45+09:00</lastmod>
 </sitemap>
 <sitemap>
   <loc>http://something.com/changehost.xml.gz</loc>
   <lastmod>2017-05-19T11:42:45+09:00</lastmod>
 </sitemap>
 <sitemap>
   <loc>http://example.com/sitemap1.xml.gz</loc>
   <lastmod>2017-05-19T11:42:45+09:00</lastmod>
 </sitemap>
</sitemapindex>

Known issue

Inspired by


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the sitemap README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.