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Programming language: Erlang
License: MIT License
Tags: Logging    
Latest version: v0.3.4

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README

mstore Build Status

MStore is a experimental metric store build in erlang, the primary functions are open, new, get and put.

A datastore is defined by:

  • The size of the consistant hashing ring.
  • The number of entreis per metrics.
  • The initial offset.

For each chunk a index is created (defining the position of the metrics) and a datafile which holds the values. This makes reading a number of metrics as simple as a calculation and a sequential read.

For a store holding 1000 metrics writing to the the numbers 0-999 would be in the file 0, 1000-1999 would be in the second file etc.

Idea

The basic idea is to take advantage of the special characteristics metrics have and modern filesystems. The following assumptions about metrics and filesystems are taken:

  • Metrics occour in a regular interval (i.e. every second) skips happen but are rare
  • Metrics are immutable. (i.e. once the cpu temperature was recorded for a measurement period it won't ever change again).
  • Reads are highly sequential, 'give me the values between X and Y'.
  • Metrics are written nearly sequentially, the delta of time between two metrics written will propably be small, this allows to limit the amount of open files.
  • Metrics can be represented as 64bit integers. (this might change!)
  • The filesystem uses checksums for data, this means we don't need to cehcksum values.
  • The filesystem allows compression. This means longer stratches of non written metrics don't have a big impact since a bunch fo 0's on the FS will easiely be compressed away.
  • The filesystem has a decent cacheing strategy (no need for mmap nonsense).
  • The filesystem actually is ZFS.

File Layout

Set

A set allows to group metrics into a hash ring, this limits the size of single files open. The directory layout will be like this:

<base dir>/<chash key>/<offset>.{mstore,idx} - data and store index files
<base dir>/mstore - set index file

Index File (for a set)

The index file is simply a Erlang file that can be read via consult:

{FileSize, CHashSize, Seed, Metrics}.
  • FileSize: The number of points per metric stored in the file.
  • CHashSize: The number of elements in the CHash ring.
  • Seed: A seed used to hash the metric keys, this is needed to allow putting a set behind another CHash ring (i.e. riak core). W/o the seed the distribution would not be even.
  • Metrics: A list of all metrics stored in this set, used for looking up metrics.

Store

Data File

Currently data is fixed to 64 bit (8 byte) integers this means a data file is layed out like this:

<metric 1:FileSize*8><metric 2:FileSize*8><metric 2:FileSize*8>

Index File (for a metric)

The index file is simply a Erlang file that can be read via consult:

{Offse, FileSize, [{Metric, Index}]}.
  • Offset: the base offset of the file.
  • FileSize: The number of points per metric stored in the file.
  • Metric and Index: A list of metricses and their indexes in the file.