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Programming language: Elixir
License: Apache License 2.0
Tags: Documentation    
Latest version: v0.28.4

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README

ExDoc

Build Status Coverage Status

ExDoc is a tool to generate documentation for your Elixir projects. To see an example, you can access Elixir's official docs.

To learn about how to document your projects, see Elixir's writing documentation page.

To see all supported options, see the documentation for mix docs.

Features

ExDoc ships with many features:

  • Automatically generates HTML and EPUB documents from your API documentation
  • Responsive design with built-in layout for phones and tablets
  • Support for custom pages, guides, and livebooks (in addition to the API reference)
  • Support for custom grouping of modules, functions, and pages in the sidebar
  • Generates HTML documentation accessible online and offline
  • Customizable logo on the generated documentation
  • Each documented entry contains a direct link back to the source code
  • Full-text search
  • Keyboard shortcuts (press ? inside an existing documentation to bring the help dialog)
  • Quick search with autocompletion support (s keyboard shortcut)
  • Go-to shortcut to take to any HexDocs package documentation with autocomplete support (g keyboard shortcut)
  • Support for night-mode (automatically detected according to the browser preferences)
  • Show tooltips when mousing over a link to a module/function (works for the current project and across projects)
  • A version dropdown to quickly switch to other versions (automatically configured when hosted on HexDocs)

Usage

You can use ExDoc with Mix (recommended for Elixir projects), with Rebar (recommended for Erlang projects), or via the command line.

Using ExDoc with Mix

First add ExDoc as a dependency. ExDoc requires Elixir v1.10 or later:

def deps do
  [
    {:ex_doc, "~> 0.27", only: :dev, runtime: false},
  ]
end

Then run mix deps.get to install it.

Erlang development environment {: .warning}

Some Operating System distributions split Erlang into multiple packages and at least one ExDoc dependency (earmark_parser) requires Erlang development environment. If you get a message like "/usr/lib/erlang/lib/parsetools-2.3.1/include/yeccpre.hrl: no such file or directory", it means you lack this environment. For instance, on the Debian operating system and its derivatives, you need to apt install erlang-dev.

ExDoc will automatically pull in information from your projects, like the application and version. However, you may want to set :name, :source_url and :homepage_url to have a nicer output from ExDoc, such as:

def project do
  [
    app: :my_app,
    version: "0.1.0-dev",
    deps: deps(),

    # Docs
    name: "MyApp",
    source_url: "https://github.com/USER/PROJECT",
    homepage_url: "http://YOUR_PROJECT_HOMEPAGE",
    docs: [
      main: "MyApp", # The main page in the docs
      logo: "path/to/logo.png",
      extras: ["README.md"]
    ]
  ]
end

Now you are ready to generate your project documentation with mix docs. To see all options available when generating docs, run mix help docs.

Using ExDoc with Rebar3

From Erlang/OTP 24+, you can use ExDoc to render your Erlang documentation written with EDoc. See rebar3_ex_doc for more information.

Using ExDoc via command line

You can ExDoc via the command line as follows:

  1. Install ExDoc as an escript:
   $ mix escript.install hex ex_doc
  1. Then you are ready to use it in your projects. First, move into your project directory and make sure it is already compiled:
   $ cd PATH_TO_YOUR_PROJECT
   $ mix compile
  1. Next invoke the ex_doc executable from your project:
   $ ex_doc "PROJECT_NAME" "PROJECT_VERSION" _build/dev/lib/project/ebin -m "PROJECT_MODULE" -u "https://github.com/GITHUB_USER/GITHUB_REPO" -l path/to/logo.png

For example, here are some acceptable values:

PROJECT_NAME    => Ecto
PROJECT_VERSION => 0.1.0
PROJECT_MODULE  => Ecto (the main module provided by the library)
GITHUB_USER     => elixir-lang
GITHUB_REPO     => ecto

Syntax highlighting

ExDoc uses the makeup project for syntax highlighting. By default, it includes highlighters for Erlang and Elixir. To highlight other languages, simply add the equivalent makeup_LANGUAGE package to your mix.exs/rebar.config. For example, for HTML support, you could add:

    {:makeup_html, ">= 0.0.0", only: :dev, runtime: false}

You can find all support languages under the Makeup organization on GitHub.

Metadata

ExDoc supports certain metadata keys in your documentation. For example, the since metadata is used to annotate from when a given module/function is available. In Elixir, you can add metadata to modules and functions, respectively, like this:

@moduledoc since: "1.10.0"
@doc since: "1.13.1"

In Erlang's EDoc, you would do:

%% @since 0.1.0

The following metadata is available for both modules and functions:

  • deprecated (string) - marks the given module/function as deprecated with the given string as reason
  • since (string) - annotates the given module/function is available from a particular version

The following metadata is available for modules:

  • tags (list of atoms) - a list of strings to be added as tags to the module (not supported by EDoc)

Auto-linking

ExDoc for Elixir will automatically generate links across modules and functions if you enclose them in backticks:

  • By referring to a module, function, type or callback from your project, such as `MyModule`, ExDoc will automatically link to those
  • By referring to a module, function, type or callback from Elixir, such as `String`, ExDoc will automatically link to Elixir's stable documentation
  • By referring to a function, type, or callback from OTP, such as (`:queue.new/0`), ExDoc will automatically link to the OTP documentation
  • By referring to a module, function, type or callback from any of your dependencies, such as `MyDep`, ExDoc will automatically link to that dependency documentation on hexdocs.pm (the link can be configured by setting docs: [deps: [my_dep: "https://path/to/docs/"]] in your mix.exs)

ExDoc supports linking to modules (`MyModule`), functions (`MyModule.function/1`), types (`t:MyModule.type/2`) and callbacks (`c:MyModule.callback/3`). If you want to link a function, type or callback in the current module, you may skip the module name, such as `function/1`.

You can also use a custom text, e.g.: [custom text](`MyModule.function/1`). This also allows to refer to OTP modules, e.g.: [`:array`](`:array`).

Link to extra pages like this: [Up and running](Up and running.md) (skipping the directory the page is in), the final link will be automatically converted to up-and-running.html.

Admonition blocks

You may want to draw attention to certain statements by taking them out of the content's flow and labeling them with a priority. These are called admonitions, sometimes are also known as asides or callouts. An admonition block is rendered based on the assigned label or class. ex_doc supports the following tags: warning, error, info, tip, and neutral over header levels h3 and h4.

The syntax is as follows:

> #### Error {: .error}
>
> This syntax will render an error block

The result for the previous syntax is as follows:

Error {: .error}

This syntax will render an error block

For example, if you change the class name to neutral, you get:

Error {: .neutral}

This syntax will render an error block

Extensions

ExDoc renders Markdown content for you, but you can extend it to render complex objects on the page using JavaScript. To inject custom JavaScript into every page, add this to your configuration:

docs: [
  # ...
  before_closing_body_tag: &before_closing_body_tag/1
]

# ...

defp before_closing_body_tag(:html) do
  """
  <!-- HTML injected at the end of the <body> element -->
  """
end

defp before_closing_body_tag(_), do: ""

Rendering Math

If you write TeX-style math in your Markdown (like $\sum_{i}^{N} x_i$), they end up as raw text on the generated pages. To render them we recommend using KaTeX, a JavaScript library that turns those expressions into actual graphics. To load and trigger KaTeX on every documentation page we can insert the following HTML:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/katex.min.css" integrity="sha384-beuqjL2bw+6DBM2eOpr5+Xlw+jiH44vMdVQwKxV28xxpoInPHTVmSvvvoPq9RdSh" crossorigin="anonymous">
<script defer src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/katex.min.js" integrity="sha384-aaNb715UK1HuP4rjZxyzph+dVss/5Nx3mLImBe9b0EW4vMUkc1Guw4VRyQKBC0eG" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<script defer src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/contrib/auto-render.min.js" integrity="sha384-+XBljXPPiv+OzfbB3cVmLHf4hdUFHlWNZN5spNQ7rmHTXpd7WvJum6fIACpNNfIR" crossorigin="anonymous"
    onload="renderMathInElement(document.body);"></script>

For more details and configuration options see the KaTeX Auto-render Extension.

Rendering Vega-Lite plots

Other objects you may want to render in a special manner are code snippets. For example, assuming your Markdown includes Vega-Lite specification in vega-lite code snippets, you can do:

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]"></script>
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]"></script>
<script>
  document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function () {
    for (const codeEl of document.querySelectorAll("pre code.vega-lite")) {
      try {
        const preEl = codeEl.parentElement;
        const spec = JSON.parse(codeEl.textContent);
        const plotEl = document.createElement("div");
        preEl.insertAdjacentElement("afterend", plotEl);
        vegaEmbed(plotEl, spec);
        preEl.remove();
      } catch (error) {
        console.log("Failed to render Vega-Lite plot: " + error)
      }
    }
  });
</script>

For more details and configuration options see vega/vega-embed.

Rendering Mermaid graphs

Similarly to the example above, if your Markdown includes Mermaid graph specification in mermaid code snippets, you can do:

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/[email protected]/dist/mermaid.min.js"></script>
<script>
  document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function () {
    mermaid.initialize({ startOnLoad: false });
    let id = 0;
    for (const codeEl of document.querySelectorAll("pre code.mermaid")) {
      const preEl = codeEl.parentElement;
      const graphDefinition = codeEl.textContent;
      const graphEl = document.createElement("div");
      const graphId = "mermaid-graph-" + id++;
      mermaid.render(graphId, graphDefinition, function (svgSource, bindListeners) {
        graphEl.innerHTML = svgSource;
        bindListeners && bindListeners(graphEl);
        preEl.insertAdjacentElement("afterend", graphEl);
        preEl.remove();
      });
    }
  });
</script>

For more details and configuration options see the Mermaid usage docs.

Contributing

The easiest way to test changes to ExDoc is to locally rebuild the app and its own documentation:

  1. Run mix setup to install all dependencies
  2. Run mix build to generate docs. This is a custom alias that will build assets, recompile ExDoc, and output fresh docs into the doc/ directory
  3. If you want to contribute a pull request, please do not add to your commits the files generated in the assets/ and formatters/ folders
  4. Run mix lint to check if the Elixir and JavaScript files are properly formatted. You can run mix fix to let the JavaScript linter and Elixir formatter fix the code automatically before submitting your pull request

Note that Node 17 or later is not supported due to API breaking changes with Webpack.

License

ExDoc source code is released under [Apache 2 License](LICENSE). The generated contents, however, are under different licenses based on projects used to help render HTML, including CSS, JS, and other assets.

Any documentation generated by ExDoc, or any documentation generated by any "Derivative Works" (as specified in the Apache 2 License), must include a direct, readable, and visible link to the ExDoc repository on each rendered material. For HTML pages, a rendered material represents every single page. For PDF, EPUB and other ebook formats, it means one entry for the whole material.


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the ex_doc README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.