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Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Tags: Miscellaneous    

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Inspired by this project: https://github.com/JordiPolo/explot, but I wanted something more transparent.

Documentation can be found at https://hexdocs.pm/expyplot.

Expyplot allows you to use 'all' of the functions in matplotlib.pyplot (in reality, there are some that I left out because they don't make any sense in this context, or are deprecated).

Unfortunately, I have not tested anywhere near all of the functions, but they should mostly work. If any don't work, please open an issue, or better yet, make a fix and open a pull request! This library is simple enough that you should be able to grok it without too much effort.

Perhaps the most limiting thing about this library is that it currently has to convert return values from the matplotlib functions into strings before sending them back to Elixir, so rather than returning true, you will get "True", and good luck piecing back to gether complicated objects. The reason I went this route is that JSON is unable to parse pretty much any complicated data type that comes back from a matplotlib function, and I didn't feel like writing a JSON parser. If you want to do something about it, please by all means, write a JSON parser capable of serializing all the different return types from matplotlib functions: the python side of this library is very simple - it is located in priv/mat.py.


Unfortunately (or rather, fortunately if we are celebrating linguistic diversity!), I could not attain complete transparency. This is a list of some notable differences between this library and the real matplotlib.pyplot:

  • Return values are strings currently
  • Variable arguments must be wrapped in a list, so: plt.plot(a, b) becomes Plot.plot([a, b]), but especially notice: Plot.plot([[1..10], other_args])
  • Named args and keyword args are atoms: Plot.grid(b: true), though they don't have to be, so: Plot.plot([[1..10], "r+"])
  • Keyword args that are not keyword only arguments must be written with keywords, you can't do them positionally, so while plt.grid(True) works in Python, you have to name the argument in Elixir: Plot.grid(b: true); if you ever get the error: "argument error: :erlang.++(something, [])", this is the reason. You need to rewrite the argument list as a keyword list.
  • Any keyword argument or named argument that starts with a capital letter needs to be renamed with an underscore: Fs -> :_Fs


You must have python3 installed and in your path

You must also pip3 install PyQt5 and matplotlib: pip3 install PyQt5, pip3 install matplotlib, or however you install packages for python3 on your particular system.

def deps do
  [{:expyplot, "~> 1.1.2"}]


Examples taken from http://matplotlib.org/examples/pylab_examples and then rewritten in Elixir to use this Expyplot.

To run the examples, start an iex -S mix session and run:

Code.load_file "./path/to/example/EXAMPLE.exs"


defmodule HistogramExample do
  alias Expyplot.Plot

  {mu, sigma} = {100, 15}
  x = 1..10_000 |> Stream.map(fn(_) -> Statistics.Distributions.Normal.rand(mu, sigma) end) |> Enum.to_list

  Plot.hist(x, bins: 50, normed: 1, facecolor: :green, alpha: 0.75)
  Plot.title("IQ Scores")
  Plot.axis_set([40, 160, 0, 0.03])
  Plot.grid(b: true)




defmodule SpectralExample do
  alias Expyplot.Plot

  dt = 0.01
  fs = 1 / dt
  t = Stream.unfold(0, fn(acc) -> {acc, acc + dt} end) |> Stream.take_while(&(&1 < 10)) |> Enum.to_list
  nse = t |> Enum.map(fn(_) -> Statistics.Distributions.Normal.rand() end) |> Enum.to_list
  r = t |> Enum.map(&(Statistics.Math.exp(- &1 / 0.05)))

  cnse = nse |> Enum.map(&(&1 * Enum.random(r))) |> Enum.take(length(t)) # fake convolution. I didn't feel like writing a functional convolution.
  s = t |> Enum.map(&(:math.sin(2 * Statistics.Math.pi * &1))) |> Enum.zip(cnse) |> Enum.map(fn {el1, el2} -> el1 + el2 end)

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 1])
  Plot.plot([t, s])

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 1])
  Plot.plot([t, s])

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 3])
  Plot.magnitude_spectrum(s, _Fs: fs)

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 4])
  Plot.magnitude_spectrum(s, _Fs: fs, scale: :dB)

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 5])
  Plot.angle_spectrum(s, _Fs: fs)

  Plot.subplot([3, 2, 6])
  Plot.phase_spectrum(s, _Fs: fs)




defmodule ZorderExample do
  alias Expyplot.Plot

  x = 1..20 |> Enum.map(fn(_) -> Statistics.Distributions.Normal.rand() end) |> Enum.to_list
  y = 1..20 |> Enum.map(fn(_) -> Statistics.Distributions.Normal.rand() end) |> Enum.to_list

  Plot.subplot([2, 1, 1])
  Plot.plot([x, y, :r], [lw: 3])
  Plot.scatter(x, y, [s: 120])
  Plot.title("Lines on top of dots")

  Plot.subplot([2, 1, 2])
  Plot.plot([x, y, :r], [zorder: 1, lw: 3])
  Plot.scatter(x, y, [s: 120], [zorder: 2])
  Plot.title("Dots on top of lines")



Bar Graph

defmodule BarExample do
  alias Expyplot.Plot

  men_means = [20, 35, 30, 35, 27]
  women_means = [25, 32, 34, 20, 25]
  men_std = [2, 3, 4, 1, 2]
  women_std = [3, 5, 2, 3, 3]
  ind = 0..4
  width = 0.35
  yticks = Stream.unfold(0, fn(acc) -> {acc, acc + 10} end) |> Stream.take_while(&(&1 < 81)) |> Enum.to_list

  Plot.bar(ind, men_means, [width: width], color: "#d62728", yerr: men_std, label: "Men")
  Plot.bar(ind, women_means, [width: width, bottom: men_means], yerr: women_std, label: "Women")
  Plot.title("Scores by group and gender")
  Plot.xticks([ind, {"G1", "G2", "G3", "G4", "G5"}])

[Bar Graph](images/bar.png)