Popularity
7.1
Declining
Activity
3.8
Growing
105
4
32

Monthly Downloads: 23
Programming language: Elixir
License: MIT License
Latest version: v2.0.9

spotify_ex alternatives and similar packages

Based on the "Third Party APIs" category

Do you think we are missing an alternative of spotify_ex or a related project?

Add another 'Third Party APIs' Package

README

Build Status Inline docs [Hex docs]

SpotifyEx

Elixir Wrapper for the Spotify Web API

Installation

  1. Add spotify_ex to your list of dependencies in mix.exs:
def deps do
 [{:spotify_ex, "~> 2.0.12"}]
end
  1. Ensure spotify_ex is started before your application:
def application do
  [applications: [:spotify_ex]]
end

Documentation

What does this wrapper cover?

This wrapper covers the Spotify Web API.

Follow the abovementioned link. On the left you'll notice that the API is broken into sections, such as Artists, Albums, Playlists, etc. This wrapper does its best to keep endpoints in modules mapped to their corresponding section. However, Spotify duplicates many of its endpoints. For example, there is an endpoint to obtain an artist's albums that is listed under both Artists and Albums. The endpoints are not duplicated in this wrapper, so if you don't see an endpoint, it can be found in a module that's also related to that endpoint i.e, if you don't see that endpoint in the Artist module, check Albums.

These duplicate endpoints may get aliased in the future to have a 1-1 mapping with the docs.

Usage

This README will go into some detail about the OAuth process. Consult the docs for other parts of the API.

I haven't made any functions private because I think programmer should have access to all of the functions. Anything not documented should be considered private with respect to the API and can change. Use at your own risk.

There are 2 functions for each endpoint. For example, to get a playlist, Spotify.Playlist.get_playlist, and Spotify.Playlist.get_playlist_url are available. The first will use the url function to make the request, and return a list of %Spotify.Track structs. If you just want the raw response from Spotify and/or want to implement your own client and data manipulation, all of the url functions are public.

A basic Phoenix example can be found at SpotifyExTest

OAuth

The Spotify API follows the OAuth 2 spec, providing 3 potential authentication flows:

To connect with the Spotify API, first you must register your app with Spotify, and get your Client ID and Client Secret, which are necessary for authentication.

In /config, create config/secret.exs and config/spotify.exs files

# /config/secret.exs

use Mix.Config

config :spotify_ex, client_id: "<YOUR CLIENT ID>"
                    secret_key: "<YOUR SECRET KEY>"
# /config/spotify.exs

use Mix.Config

config :spotify_ex, user_id: "<YOUR SPOTIFY USER ID>",
                    scopes: "<AUTHENTICATION SCOPES>",
                    callback_url: "<YOUR CALLBACK URL>"

Add the secret file to your .gitignore, and import it in config.exs

import "config.secret.exs"
import "spotify.secret.exs"

Authorization Flow

First your application must be authorized by Spotify. SpotifyEx will use the client ID, callback URI, and scopes set in your config file to generate the authorization endpoint.

defmodule SpotifyExTest.AuthorizationController do
  use SpotifyExTest.Web, :controller

  def authorize(conn, _params) do
    redirect conn, external: Spotify.Authorization.url
  end
end

This will take you to the Spotify Authorization page. After authorizing your app, you will then be directed to authenticate as a Spotify User. When successful, you will be redirected to the callback uri you set in the config file.

A note about scopes

You must be explicit about the permissions your users have when handling Spotify account data. These permissions are set during the authorization request. You can read about them here. To set your scopes, add them to the list in your spotify.exs file,

#config/spotify.exs

config :spotify_ex, scopes: ["playlist-read-private", "playlist-modify-private" "# more scopes"]

OAuth requires identical redirect URIs to use for the authorization and authentication steps. When you attempt to authenticate with Spotify, if successful, Spotify needs to know where to send the user afterwards, which is what the redirect URI is used for.

config :spotify_ex, callback_url: "http://www.your-api.com/auth-endpoint"

Set it in your config file. Now that your application is authorized, the user must be authenticated. Spotify is going to send an authorization code in the query string to this endpoint, which should then send that code to Spotify to request an access token and a remember token.

config :spotify_ex, callback_url: "http://localhost:4000/authenticate"

Authenticate like this:

Spotify.Authentication.authenticate(conn, params)

Spotify.Authentication.authenticate will look for params["code"],the code sent back by Spotify after authorization request. If successful, the user will be redirected to the URL set in the spotify.exs file, where you can handle different responses.

defmodule SpotifyExTest.AuthenticationController do
  use SpotifyExTest.Web, :controller

  def authenticate(conn, params) do
    case Spotify.Authentication.authenticate(conn, params) do
      {:ok, conn } ->
        # do stuff
        redirect conn, to: "/whereever-you-want-to-go"
      { :error, reason, conn }-> redirect conn, to: "/error"
    end
  end
end

The authentication module will set refresh and access tokens in a cookie. The access token expires every hour, so you'll need to check your reponses for 401 errors. Call Spotify.Authentication.refresh, if there is a refresh token present. If not, you'll need to redirect back to authorization.

Contributing

All contributions are more than welcome! I will not accept a PR without tests if it looks like something that should be tested (which is pretty much everything.) Development is done on the development branch, and moved to master for release on hexpm. Code must be formatted using hex format.